According to Hofstede, masculine cultures tend to be competitive, valuing achievement,heroism, and the like. Feminine cultures, on the other hand, tend to value social peace, rewarding behaviors that contribute to overall amity rather than individual distinction. I have severely curtailed discussion of this dimension, but you can read more about it (officially) http://geert-hofstede.com/dimensions.html or http://geerthofstede.com/dimensions-of-national-cultures. Importantly, Hofstede and other social psychologists claim that this dynamic is about emotional roles within a culture (high emotion by all=feminine tendency; low emotion by all=masculine tendency). Further studies have taken the idea of a masculine/feminine societal tendency and expanded it to gender roles within the culture. I'm not sure of the validity of such research unless all cultural tendencies are likewise split, but that's neither here nor there.
Several questions that inform our stories strike me when I review this dimension, and I will just pose a few of them here:
Points on gender:
- How does the idea of labeling "masculine" and "feminine" affect our relationships with our same-gender and/or opposite-gender parents?
- To what extent to identification with the opposite-gender parent cause you to doubt your (or his/her) status as masculine or feminine?
- How difficult was it for you to show assertiveness and/or be competitive? How were your efforts received by your family?
- How difficult was it for you to maintain social peace? How were your efforts received by your family?